Fire

Fire in buildings is quite a common accident. The impact of fire on human life, property damage, and other consequences can be greatly reduced by the use of appropriate building materials and structures. The development of a fire in a particular area is affected by the equipment and shape of the space, and by the fire properties of the installed materials. The development of a fire can be prevented or slowed down by using less combustible materials to cover the walls and ceilings. If, on the other hand, a fire, for various reasons, becomes fully developed, its spread throughout the building can be limited if the latter’s structural elements have sufficient fire resistance. If buildings are to be designed as fire-resistant, it is necessary to model, with sufficient accuracy and efficiency, the thermal conditions in the vicinity of the fire and the associated thermal and mechanical response of the building structure. For this purpose, in ZAG’s Fire laboratory standardized laboratory tests, as well as experimental research, are performed. A wide variety of fire scenarios can be simulated by the available computer software.

References

Fire resistance of reinforced concrete structures

Ministry of the Economy and a Consortium of building contractors, 2003

COST C17 – Built Heritage: Fire Loss to Historic Buildings

EU, 2002 – 2006

Analysis of the behaviour of a tunnel tube – various fire scenarios

DARS 2008

Report about the condition of the part of the building of the Kočevje Secondary School which was exposed to fire

Kočevje High School and Secondary School, 2013

Report about the condition of the part of the building of the Stara cerkev Elementary School in Kočevje which was exposed to fire

Municipality of Kočevje, 2013

Report about the condition of the building known as “Rakuschev mlin”, after exposure to fire

Adriatic Slovenica d.d., 2014

Report about the condition of the commercial building P2B3 in the trade and business zone P2B near Šenčur, after exposure to fire

Zavarovalnica Triglav d.d., 2014.

Report about the condition of the production hall (production line No. 1) belonging to the Fibran Nord factory at Sodražica, after exposure to fire

Fibran Nord d.o.o., 2013

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Andrej Rebec, PhD (Civ.Eng.)